This animated series produced by the MGM cartoon studio in Hollywood in 1940 and 1957 when the studio's animation unit was closed. In 1960, MGM hired Rembrandt Films (led Gene Deitch) in Eastern Europe to produce the series Tom and Jerry.
Production of Tom and Jerry returned to Hollywood in 1963, carried by Sib-Tower 12 Productions leadership of Chuck Jones.Series production lasted until 1967.
Tom and Jerry later resurfaced in TV cartoons produced by Hanna-Barbera (1975-1977; 1990-1993) and Filmation Studios (1980-1982). MGM animated short film production work of Hanna and Barbera is known for having won seven Academy Awards, together with the achievements of Walt Disney's Silly Symphonies. Two of this work is the work of animated series that received the most awards.
History Tom And Jerry
William Hanna and Joseph Barbera to work on MGM studios to start directing films for the unit Rudolph Ising, the first is a cartoon about a cat and mouse tale, "Puss Gets the Boot".
Completed in late 1939, and released to theaters on February 10, 1940, the story focused on the character of Jasper, which is where the gray cat Jasper trying to catch an unnamed rodent, but after accidentally crashed into a flowerpot, a maid black households named Mammy Two Shoes warns: Jasper will be thrown out (such as Mammy said "OWT, out!") if once again breaking glassware. Rats are using this to advantage, and began throwing wine glasses, ceramic plates, teapots, and any and all fragile, so that Jasper will be thrown out. This cartoon aired, and removed without opening music, and Hanna and Barbera started releasing other cartoons.
Producer Fred Quimby, who operates the MGM animation studio, quickly pulled Hanna and Barbera cartoons one-shot from the other, they do, and assignment as a series featuring the cat and mouse. Hanna and Barbera held an intra-studio contest to give the pair a new name with the name of the proposed picture that comes out of a hat; animator John Carr won $ 50 with a suitable name suggestions: Tom and Jerry. This cartoon was released with the episode "The Midnight Snack".
Tom's physical appearance evolved significantly over the years. During the early 1940s, Tom has advantages-shaggy fur details, lots of facial wrinkles, and some of the signs and all the slender eyebrows into a form more applicable in the late 1940s, and looks like a realistic cat; apart from initial four-legged Tom became increasingly, and eventually almost exclusively, bipedal. Instead, the design remains essentially the same Jerry. In the mid-1940s, this series has developed a faster, more energetic (and violent) tone, due to inspiration from colleagues at the MGM cartoon studio, Tex Avery, who joined the studio in 1942.
Although the theme of each short is virtually the same - a cat chasing a mouse - Hanna and Barbera find variations on the theme of the endless. Barbera's storyboards and rough layouts and designs, combined with Hanna's time, produce a cartoon series of the most popular and successful MGM. Thirteen entries in this series won the Best Short Animated Film category at the Academy Awards.
This cartoon series remained popular throughout their original theatrical run, even when the budgets began to tighten somewhat in the 1950s and the pace slows a little cartoon. However, the company's box office revenues decreased for theatrical films, and short subjects pata 1950s.
At first, all the cartoons produced by MGM CinemaScope format. After MGM realized that they had released the older cartoons bring as much revenue as the new film, studio executives decided, (this is very surprising the staff) to close the animation studio. MGM cartoon studio closed in 1957, the last episode of the session 1 to 114, "Tot Watchers", was released on August 1, 1958. Hanna and Barbera animation studio opens to the TV for themselves, Hanna-Barbera Productions, in 1957, which then produces the famous TV shows and movies.
In 1960, MGM gave the deal with production company based in the Czech Republic, Rembrandt Films, to make the second session of the series Tom and Jerry. In the second session of this series, William L. Snyder became a producer, a director Gene Deitch, and located in Prague, Czechoslovakia.
Studio hire Stepan Konicek as the theme music maker, Václav Lídl, Larz Bourne, Chris Jenkyns, Eli Bauer, and Allen Swift.Untuk this session, the members make most of the thirteen episodes with a surrealistic quality.
Since the group Deitch / Snyder has seen only a handful of session 1 Tom and Jerry, the resulting film is considered unusual, and, in many ways, strange. The first episode of this session is "switchin 'Kitten', which contains music and sound effects of hypnosis are often disturbing, and high pitched.
Fans that typically rooted for Tom criticized for Deitch cartoons was never a threat to Jerry.
Most of the time, Tom was just trying to hurt him when he was disturbed by the act of Jerry. In this session, Tom is the owner of a fat man named Clint Clobber.Clint easily upset too much (graphically) brutal in punishing Tom wakrtu compared with Mammy Two Shoes as hitting and thrashing Tom repeated, his face burned with a grill and forcing Tom to overall drinking carbonated beverages. This is a session Tom and Jerry to not bring the phrase "Made In Hollywood, USA" at the end of each episode.
Contracts with Deitch ended in 1962, with the last episode in its sessions "Carmen Get It!". Chuck Jones went on to work for the third session, in studio Sib Tower 12 Productions. The sessions produced 34 episodes that bring a distinctive style Jones. However, although basically animated by the artists who worked with Jones at Warner Bros. studios., The whole episode has just reached the level of success. In this session, Tom has thick eyebrows like Boris Karloff and appear less complex (including the fur color of this session is grayed out), sharper ears, and furrier cheeks, while Jerry was given the eyes and ears more large, light brown, and sweet expression, similar to Porky Pig.
Several episodes of Tom and Jerry in the third session of the story reminds Wile E. Coyote and Road Runner. Jones worked with Maurice Noble. This is then forwarded by Abe Levitow and Ben Washam. 2 episodes that are the result kerjsama with Hanna-Barbera MGM, directed by Tom Ray. His voice a few filler is Mel Blanc.
Starting in 1965, the series Tom and Jerry's Hanna and Barbera began appearing on television in edited form. Tim Jones is required to take cartoons featuring Mammy Two Shoes, and replace it with a young British woman. The last episode of the entire series Tom and Jerry is the "Purr-Chance to Dream", in 1967.
In 1986, MGM was bought by Turner Broadcasting System with its owner, Ted Turner. Turner sold the company a few moments later, but still pre-1986 MGM film, so Tom and Jerry until now the property of Turner Entertainment. (Also owned by Warner Bros..)
The plot Of Tom And Jerry
The storyline in each short story usually centers on the efforts it is impossible to catch Jerry Tom, accompanied by various physical conflict and material damage. They are sometimes seen as being able to live peacefully side by side in a few episodes (at least in the first minutes), so sometimes it is unclear why Tom is so passionate about chasing Jerry. Some of the reason may be the lasting enmity of cats and rats, the task given by the homeowner, revenge, and competition against other cats.
Tom catch Jerry rarely successful, largely due to the intelligence and agility Jerry and Tom's own stupidity. Tom beat Jerry usually when the mice became cause of trouble or when Jerry was acting too much.
They are well-known short stories with the most sadistic joke ever featured in the animated film: Jerry Tom's body cut in half, put Jerry Tom kejendela tail, pinning Jerry Tom's head with a window or door, Jerry dropping heavy objects from a variety of irons, a rod of iron, closing the oven, glasses, plates, glass, and other furniture to the head Tom. Tom using everything from axes, pistols, dynamite bombs and poison as his attempt to kill Jerry, Jerry Tom's tail into the roasting pan bread, put the cat's tail into the outlet, smashing Tom's face with a baseball bat, and others. But besides all these sadistic acts, there is no blood or horrible things appear in their story. Jokes are often repeated in this sadistic act is when Jerry hitting Tom when the cat is doing something. Tom initially oblivious to the pain --- but then felt a few moments later!
This cartoon series is also famous for its dependence on various cliches, such as body jet black characters that become due to an explosion and the use of shadow images are enlarged (as in the episode "Dr.. Jekyll and Mr.. Mouse"). Resemblance to the objects and real events could be the main attraction of the visual humor of this cartoon series. The characters Tom and Jerry ordinary transformed into forms that do not make sense but are very concerned with events that are (mostly due to hit in situations of forced or otherwise) in the enclosed picture, but pretty awful in the real world.
Music plays a very important role in each episode, giving emphasis on the doings of the characters, as the voice sound effects, and bring emotion into the story. Music director Scott Bradley created complex piece of music that combines jazz, classical and pop for this series. He often uses contemporary pop songs and songs from MGM films like "The Wizard of Oz" and "Meet Me In St.. Louis".
Pre-1953, all Tom and Jerry animated films produced in the ratio and the standard format of the U.S. Film Academy (Academy). From 1953 until 1956, several films produced double in the Academy format and widescreen CinemaScope process. From 1956 until the closing of the MGM animation studio a year later, all Tom and Jerry animated film produced in CinemaScope, some even accompanying songs recorded in stereo. In the era of the 1960s, the works of Gene Deitch and Chuck Jones are all produced in Academy format, but with a composition that can be converted into a widescreen format. The works of Hanna-Barbera was originally produced in three-strip Technicolor, while that produced in the 1960's using Metrocolor format.
Tom and Jerry
Tom is a cat house bluish gray (the color of Tom's hair is very similar to the Russian Blue cat hair color) who live in the indulgence, while Jerry is a small brown mouse who always lived close to where Tom lives.
Tom is very quick-tempered and irritable, while Jerry is a character who lives free and very good at taking a chance.
Despite vigorous and determined, Tom is always less with the intention of the brain and Jerry shrewdness. In each episode, Jerry usually come out as winners, and Tom becomes the loser. But, the opposite could happen. Sometimes, Tom became the winner, how many hundred episodes of Tom and Jerry, only thirteen episodes that states Tom came out as winners in the end. Sometimes, too (usually something ironic) both lose or both ends to be friends, like in the episode "Blue Cat Blues".
Both these characters have a tendency to be cruel; meaning they are both very happy to torment one another. However, in some episodes, when one character is in danger, other characters will be awakened and save the characters.
Although many supporting characters and a small role characters speak, Tom and Jerry rarely even hardly ever talk at all on some episodes. Tom, for example, famous for his favorite to sing when trying to attract the attention of a female cat. He sang the song "Is You Is or Is You Is not My Baby" by Louis Jordan in the episode "Solid Serenade" made in 1946. Directed by William Hanna contributed rat squeaked voice, breath sounds and other voices for the two main characters.
One of Hanna's sound-effect contribution is heartfelt cries Tom cries which are made from the original Hanna where the beginning and end of the tape is removed so that just screams the loudest cries are presented. The only episode in which Tom talked a little long and does not sing is "Million Dollar Cat", where Tom speaks "Gee.'m Throwing away a MILLION dollars .... BUT I'M HAPPY!" while trying to catch Jerry.